By Nicole Gotzner
This e-book provides a singular experimental method of investigating the psychological illustration of linguistic choices. Combining theoretical and psycholinguistic questions about the nature of other units, it sheds new gentle at the conception of concentration and the cognitive mechanisms underlying the processing of possible choices. In a sequence of language comprehension experiments, the writer indicates that intonational concentration and concentration debris corresponding to ‘only’ form the illustration of possible choices in a listener’s brain in a primary manner. This publication is proper to researchers attracted to semantics, pragmatics, language processing and memory.
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Additional resources for Alternative Sets in Language Processing: How Focus Alternatives are Represented in the Mind
Carl likes [herring]F b. [Carl]F likes herring Focusing either Carl or herring in (3) does not make a difference in truth conditions of the above sentence: the sentence will be true or false depending on the matter of facts but independent of which part of the sentence is focused (either it is true that Carl likes herring or not). However, as is noted in Rooth (1992), focus affects the pragmatic inferences arising from the sentence. The sentence Carl likes [herring]F triggers the exhaustive/exclusive implicature that Carl does not like other types of fish.
A condition with a contrastive accent did not differ from the other two conditions. Overall, the dissertation by ByramWashburn provides some evidence that focus particles and contrastive focal accents inhibit alternatives (an inhibition of the alternatives by contrastive accents was found in a mousetracking experiment), and there was also evidence that focus particles facilitate newly learned associates. Hence, it is currently unclear whether and under which circumstances focus alternatives are activated, inhibited, or both.
The role of selection in the comprehension of focus alternatives. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 31, 217–235. , & Beckman, M. (2004). Informational status and pitch accent distribution in spontaneous dialogues in English. In Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2004. , & Speer, S. R. (2008). Anticipatory effects of intonation: Eye movements during instructed visual search. Journal of Memory & Language, 58, 541–573. Jackendoff, R. (1972). Semantic interpretation in generative grammar. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Alternative Sets in Language Processing: How Focus Alternatives are Represented in the Mind by Nicole Gotzner