By Howard Spodek
In the 20 th century, Ahmedabad used to be India's "shock city." It used to be where the place some of the nation's most vital advancements happened first and with the best intensity—from Gandhi's political and hard work organizing, during the development of cloth, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries, to globalization and the sectarian violence that marked the flip of the hot century. occasions that occurred there resonated through the nation, for larger and for worse. Howard Spodek describes the routine that swept town, telling their tale in the course of the careers of the lads and ladies who led them.(2012)
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Additional resources for Ahmedabad: Shock City of Twentieth-Century India
Both Sundaram and Umashankar studied with Kaka Kalelkar (1885–1981), a professor of literature in the Gujarat Vidyapith, the nationalist university founded by Gandhi in Ahmedabad. Gandhi conquered Ahmedabad not only politically but also culturally. ” Nevertheless, Gandhi continued to pay respect to Ramanbhai. As Ramanbhai approached the end of his life, he was knighted in 1927. By that time, the Congress had condemned the acceptance of such honors from the British, but in the case of Ramanbhai, even Vallabhbhai Patel, Gandhi’s staunchest supporter, sent his congratulations.
He made a short and sweet little speech in English. When my turn came, I expressed my thanks in Gujarati explaining my partiality for Gujarati and Hindustani and entering my humble protest against the use of English in a Gujarati gathering. This I did, not without some hesitation, for I was afraid lest it should be considered discourteous for an inexperienced man, returned home after a long exile, to enter his protest against established practices. But no one seemed to misunderstand my insistence on replying in Gujarati.
In 1911, the British government awarded him the title of Rao Bahadur for his services. When the municipality was reconstituted as a popular body in 1915, Ramanbhai was elected to it, and he served as president from 1916 to 1922. From 1922 to 1924, the government again dismissed the municipality because of its complicity in the nationalist (Gandhian) Congress noncooperation movement to oppose government schools and replace them with nationalist ones. By this time, however, Ramanbhai had broken with the Gandhians.
Ahmedabad: Shock City of Twentieth-Century India by Howard Spodek